Shannon Stagman and Janice L.
See the press release Key messages Social protection programmes reduce poverty and food insecurity. Effective targeting and adequate transfers are important determinants of success. Programmes targeted at women have stronger food security and nutrition impacts. This is especially important because maternal and child malnutrition perpetuate poverty from generation to generation.
Social protection stimulates investment in agricultural production and other economic activities.
Social protection enhances nutrition, health and education, with implications for future productivity, employability, incomes and well-being. Social protection programmes that provide regular and predictable transfers promote savings and investment in both farm and non-farm activities, and encourage households to engage in more ambitious activities offering higher returns.
Social protection does not reduce work effort. But it does give beneficiaries greater choice, and many shift time previously dedicated to casual agricultural wage employment of last resort to ownfarm work or non-agricultural employment.
Taken together with the increase in farm and non-farm production activities, social protection strengthens livelihoods instead of fostering dependency.
Social protection has virtuous impacts on local communities and economies. Public works programmes can provide important infrastructure and community assets and, when designed and implemented properly, contribute directly to the local economy. Cash transfers increase the purchasing power of beneficiary households, who demand goods and services, many of which are produced or provided in the local economy by non-beneficiary households.
Complementary programmes may be necessary to reduce production constraints to prevent inflation and maximize the real-income and production impacts of the programme. Social protection, by itself, is not enough to move people out of poverty.
Developing synergies is an opportunity and also a necessity because of constrained government budgets. It is imperative to help the poorest meet basic consumption needs, especially when they are unable to work.
Such help can itself become a foundation for gradual improvement of the livelihoods of the poor. Leveraging public expenditures on agriculture and social protection programmes in support of each other not only furthers this transformation, but also serves to strengthen agricultural and rural development.
A national vision is needed of how agriculture and social protection can gradually move people out of poverty and hunger. National vision and commitment, supported by permanent domestic resource mobilization, must support coordinated action at the national and subnational levels.
Policy and planning frameworks for rural development, poverty reduction, food security and nutrition need to articulate the role of agriculture and social protection in moving people out of poverty and hunger, together with a broader set of interventions.
The type of agricultural interventions combined with social assistance depends on the context and constraints, but must also consider issues such as local implementation capacities and available resources.
In all cases, interventions must be designed to address a range of constraints to allow the poorest to transform their livelihood strategies to escape and remain out of poverty.Digital technology is helping farmers and agribusinesses build resilience, achieve scale and develop sustainable solutions.
These next few articles and sections explore various poverty issues in more depth: 14 articles on “Causes of Poverty” and 6 related issues: Poverty Facts and Stats. Last updated Monday, January 07, Most of humanity lives on just a few dollars a day.
Background. The official poverty rate on reservations is percent, compared with nationally. Thirty-six percent of families with children are below the poverty line on reservations, compared with percent of families nationally.
These figures are absolute poverty rates as determined by the US webkandii.com , the poverty threshold for a family of four with two children was $22, With a mouthful of tooth pain and struggling to make ends meet, a single dad felt he was out of options.
He took a pair of pliers and crushed one of the troublesome teeth, then pulled out broken. This part of the webkandii.com web site looks at the relationship between poverty and the environment which are related issues. The causes of each are often similar, and thus these issues need to be understood together.
Corruption. It is an overloaded word often used as the sole cause of the problems in poor countries. Yet, corruption seems to be everywhere, indeed often encouraged by rich countries and their corporations, especially when it comes to natural resources, and arms trade.