India has many social problems and frequent water crisis in many States is one of them.
Today, in a country where water and its perennial source, the River is worshipped as "Mother Goddess", it has become a subject of crisis. Water, a free gift of nature is fast becoming a precious commodity for the common man.
This rapidly-depleting resource has turned out to be a matter of concern to all of us. The acute shortage of portable water in many parts of our count during the first summer of the new Millennium has made us serious think and introspect on the potential problem of the future.
The above quote is perfectly drafted to the state in which we are today. We are surrounded by Seas on three sides in the South, a huge Ice - covered Mountain range in the North—the Himalayas, World's large Fertile Plains with abundant ground water resources, the Indus-Gangestic Brahmaputra Plains and countless rivers flowing down to the mighty seas, but still the dependency ratio is a meagre 34 percent.
We regained our Freedom from our colonial rulers in and the planners under the able guidance of Jawaharlal Nehru had a monumental job in hand. Nehru quoted "Dams are the Temples of Modern India'' The country had to plan and formulate a policy of managing the vas water resources, which was at its command.
Considering the vastness of our Rivers and the dream of harvesting a good agriculture produce and blending the upcoming technology with Nature, our planners opted for Mega Investments-Big Dams, many multipurpose Projects with huge investments for a country that had just emerged from the clutches of Economic Drain.
Dam building grew to be equated with nation building The result is that India now boasts of being the world's third-largest dam builder, with 3, dams big and small.
One aspect, which our planners did not take into consideration, was 'what are the benefits for the future generations with these Mega Projects". Though these mega projects promised to be saviors capable of quenching the thirst of millions of hectares of land but the associated drawbacks surfaced as the clock ticked.
Drawbacks such as 1 Limited Life span of mega projects. Often the disputes were blown up and politicised by opportune political parties and used as Election issues. Unfortunately, many disputes that are more than decades old await solutions. Likewise many projects, which were envisaged as Lifeline of a State, soon turned out to become white elephants as they were trapped in the web of endless problems.
Many projects such as Upper Krishna Project of Karnataka, Sardar Sarovar Valley Project of Gujarat, Tehri Project in the hills of Uttar Pradesh, which were drafted in early 70s, are today the live examples of failed vision and policies.
These projects which were originally planned with an investment of just a few hundred crores, have today snowballed to thousand of crores for completion. The direct victim of all these failures has been the common man.
The inability of the Dams of feed the targeted population has turned out to be the bane and issue of controversy. Many dams that were built as joint partnership between the States, which share the Rivers, have used the water management as a tool to settle their scores.
The Krishnaraja Sagar Dam built on the Cauvery at the exit point of Karnataka into Tamil Nadu has always been an issue of controversy fuelling the narrow and parochial sentiments of people on both the sides.
Like this, our water management policy has also taken a beating with the ever-rising demand for potable water. In the background of all these maladies, a silent killer which has taken its toll is the depleting water table in many parts of the country thanks to excessive use of technology of drilling tube wells, in many parts of the country where the benefits of dams could not be reached, people resorted to a easy way out i.
In many areas the water table has gone to such a low level that it may take ages to restore the level of the early 50s. Incidentally India has the second largest irrigated area in the world, but due to the rapid expansion of irrigation with its emphasis on new construction, irrigation performance and the sector's increasing management needs have not received adequate attention.
Here are some eye-openers, which will certainly make us give a hard and serious look at water management and the crisis: States such as Punjab Haryana, Andhra Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh have now become endemic for malaria on account of the high water table, water logging and seepage in the canal catchment area.The Water Crisis and Solutions Essay; The Water Crisis and Solutions Essay.
Words 6 Pages. There is a global shortage of drinking water.
A person might wonder how this can be if seventy percent of the earth’s surface is covered by water. Most of the Earth’s water is unsuitable for human consuption. Solution to the Water Crisis in Sudan.
Causes and Effects of Water Shortage – Essay Sample Today, in many places on Earth, fresh water demands begin to exceed its availability, and this situation is unlikely to improve. Currently more than a billion people around the globe suffer from water . Oct 20, · Water crisis, impacts and management in pakistan One should try to see beneath the surface in order and to grasp an idea about the basic issue.
Despite a stream of strong words and announcements made by the previous governments of Pakistan, nothing has been done properly in order to counter the water crisis in the country. Water crisis is a major issue which requires proper solution for its management and availability for the third world countries; it is not the problem with the availability of water but the allocation of it.
This essay will discuss and analyze solutions that could help to avoid future water crisis and in order to do this the essay will refer to Mexico where water shortage . Essay on Water Scarcity in India! While water is a renewable resource, it is at the same time a finite resource. The total quantity of water available on the globe is the same as it .