Unlike American political parties, German political parties had narrower bases of support generally based on class, occupation and religion.
What problems did the Weimar government face? Although it had a new, democratic constitution creating parliamentary government, key structures in Germany were not changed in the German Revolution was very limited. Between the Republic faced a series of revolts from the extreme Left and Right and a major inflationary crisis, but managed to somehow survive.
Years of recovery and achievment?
From the economy recovered and moderate parties gained more support in elections. Stresemann's conciliatory foreign policy brought Germany back from diplomatic isolation, but it aroused opposition from nationalists.
Weimar Germany became famous for its cultural experimentation but this alienated many traditionalist. Weimar democracy undermined by the world economic depression. Germany's economy was already suffering difficulties before and was heavily dependent on American loans, many of which were recalled.
Between and production nearly halved and unemployment rose to 6 million. Governments were terrifies of sparking off inflation if they spent extra money and so it took little action to counter the Depression.
The slump led to growing support for extreme parties in the and elections.
Weimar Rpublic fails and Hitler gains power. The Nazis used skillful propaganda techniques and exploited Hitler's ability as a speaker. InThe Nazis were still on the fringe of politics. The Wall street Crash led to a major depression, with 6 million unemployed The Depression made it harder for parliamentary government to work, and created a mood of despair.
The Nazis gained particular support from the petty bourgeoisie, but were also a broadly based party, gaining support from ALL groups. For some their appeal was emotional; others were attracted for reasons of material self-interest. They made least impact amongst groups that had a strong sense of community i.
InMuller's SPD-led coalition fell; it was the last government to be based on support in the Reichstag. This can be seen as the real end to Weimar Parliamentary democracy. After Parliamentary government declined, as a series of presidential governments tried to solve Germany's mounting economic and political problems.
Chancellors Bruning, Papen and Schleicher had to rely on presidential decrees under Article In Januaryinfluenced by sections in the elite, President Hindenburg reluctantly appointed Hitler Chancellor.
Thus under the dual challenge of the masses who voted for radical parties and the elites who disliked democracy, the Weimar republic declined and Hitler took over. The Nazis offered a solution to Germany's problems, were well organised, and rallied around an charismatic leader with a sense of mission.
How far were the problems faced by the Weimar Republic in the years caused by the Treaty of Versailles? Germany emerged from World War 1 deeply divided - left versus right and also mainstream Social Democrats versus the radical left. Nationalists made two attempts to over…throw the new republic Kapp-Putsch and Hitler's attempted putsch in There were also various Communist uprisings, the best known being the Spartacist uprising of Januarybut there were others, for example in the Ruhr in Bands of mercenaries and political assassinations became common.
Defeat itself was something that many on the right were unwilling to accept. They concocted the stab-in-the-back legenda conspiracy theory that Germany had not been defeated at all but had been 'stabbed in the back' by various subversives on the home front - socialists, Bolshevists, Jews, liberals, organzied labour and so on.
The Treaty of Versailles was harsh, but it is very hard to imagine a peace treaty that would have been acceptable to hardline nationalists.
It is worth noting that when attacking the leaders of the Weimar Republic the nationalists nearly always talked about 'the November criminals', in other words those who had asked for an armistice. In France and Belgium claimed that Germany had defaulted on reparations payments and occupied the Ruhr - the key industrial area of Germany.
This was interpreted by most Germans as going beyond the Versailles Treaty. Inflation, resulting initially from the slipshod way in which the German government had financed the war, was also a serious problem.
I hope that the above will make it clear that - contrary to popular mythology - the Versailles Treaty was not the only problem, and probably not the main problem, either. Joncey Did Stresemann succeed in solving the problems faced by the Weimar Republic? Gustav Stresemann provided workable solutions to many of theproblems the Weimar Republic faced.Anton Kaes et al.
(eds.), The Weimar Republic Sourcebook () Richard J. Evans, The Coming of the Third Reich () by highlighting problems, important issues and themes, and possible controversies. Seminar The analysis of these texts will provide the basis for an essay exploring a particular aspect.
- Weimar Republic's Overcoming of Problems by Between and , the Weimar Republic of Germany was besot with more than its fair share of problems. In particular, the Weimar Republic had six main problems: Treaty of Versailles, Left wing opposition -Sparticists, Right wing opposition - Kapp Putsch, Munich Putsch, Freikorps and.
The absence of democratic traditions in Germany deprived the Weimar republic of a solid foundation. In the summer of , more than half of Germany’s voters ( percent) voted for either the Nazis or the Communists, the two most antidemocratic parties in the country.
The Weimar Republic began in with Ebert as their first president. The republic faced many problems from the very beginning because of the stage Germany was in. Germany had lost a large proportion of their troops in World War I, some still believed that they had not lost, and the economy in Germany was in the most disastrous condition.2/5(2).
The Problems of the Weimar Republic. English Essay - Wilfred Owen Text Analysis. • Kaiser Willhelm II then allowed the main parties in the Reichstag, Germany’s Parliament, to form a new government which took away many of the Kaiser’s powers and gave them to the Reichstag.
Documents Similar To Weimar Republic - birth & three phases. Ironically by , Adolf Hitler, a dedicated foe of the Weimar Republic, was the only political leader capable of commanding a legislative majority.
On January 30, , an aged President von Hindenburg reluctantly named Hitler Chancellor of the Republic.